Tuckpointing and Repointing Tools
Specialized tools for removing and replacing mortar
By Brett Martin
Some companies, like Bosch Power Tools and Accessories in Mount Prospect, Ill., focus on a single specialized tool, in this case, the tuckpoint grinder. Other companies, like Kraft Tool Co. in Shawnee, Kan., manufacture hand tools and accessories for all types of tuckpointing and repointing work, including removing old mortar, cleaning out the joint, and replacing and finishing the mortar.
Grinding Mortar and Collecting DustSince grinders are often used to remove mortar, Bosch designed a grinder dedicated for exactly that purpose. The five-inch tuckpoint grinder with 8.5 amp, 11,000 rpm motor offers variable depth adjustment.
"The advantage of using it over a grinder is it adjusts easily to the depth of the work," says Ryan Anderson, product manager for the metal category for Bosch. "This particular tool has a spring-loaded guard that can be adjusted to the desired depth. You can get a consistent depth across the wall."
A dust extraction port can be attached to a vacuum to control dust during grinding, Anderson says. "It's dust free, for the most part."
Tuckpointing tools typically run for hours without stopping, so the tuckpoint grinder has an overload protection that reduces power by about 50 percent if the tool starts to overheat, he says. The tool runs at half power, which lets the operator continue to work without damaging the motor.
"If the tool is overheating, it reduces the amount you take off per pass," Anderson explains, adding that proper care will extend the tool's life. "Storage is a concern. Don't leave it on the ground or in a pile of dust. Keep the tool dry and clean."
During use, Anderson recommends letting the blade patiently cut the mortar without pushing the tool to cut faster.
"Relax and let the wheel remove the mortar," he says. "Let the tool do the work. Don't force it. Slow down a little instead of ramming it through. You don't need to be aggressive."
Tuckpointing Blades and ChiselsFor removing mortar with grinders, Grandview, Mo-based Diamond Vantage Inc. offers diamond-tipped tuckpointing blades that remove one-quarter inch of mortar per pass.
"The tuckpointing blade is thicker so it removes more mortar," says Jeff Shermo, regional sales manager, East Coast, for Diamond Vantage. "It's faster to cut out the joint in one pass than to go back and knock it out."
Available in four- to seven-inch diameters, the blades have 45-degree bevels on the outer edge.
Although grinders are available for removing mortar, hammers and chisels are still used, says Steve Cook, sales and marketing manager for Kraft Tool. Sometimes, the masonry contractor may not have electricity available for a grinder, doesn't want to hassle with running extension cords for a small project, or needs to ensure that the brick isn't disturbed or damaged during the job.
"The mason has to adapt to what works best for him for removing the mortar," Cook says.
Kraft Tool offers a special tuckpointing chisel, called a plugging chisel, that's 10 inches long, balanced for a comfortable hold, and has a 45-degree angle on the end.
The company also has chisels with fluted sides. Mortar is pushed out through the sides of the chisel as the worker hammers the chisel into the mortar joint, Cook says. Kraft Tool also offers stiff-bristled wire brushes and masonry brushes for cleaning the joint after removing the mortar.
"You're always going to leave some debris in the joint," Cook says. "The brushes get the dust particles and anything else you left behind out of the joint so the new mortar will stay."
Replacing and Finishing MortarConcord, Mass.-based Quikpoint Inc. offers a tool for quickly putting mortar in the joints. The Quikpoint Mortar Gun attaches to a drill, which turns an auger that moves mortar from a hopper through a steel nozzle into the masonry joints.
"This fills the joint completely in one application with no air pockets. This thing flies like mad," says Al Aronie, company president and Quikpoint inventor. "It's much faster, especially for someone who's not real experienced. We've had people say, 'We started a business because of this.'"
After inventing the Quikpoint about 20 years ago, Aronie refined it over the years with several design changes. He made the last major change three years ago, increasing the hopper size to hold three, rather than two, quarts of mortar.
Aronie recommends using lime in the mortar or Gibco's MRF additive, a lime substitute that retains water, to allow the mortar to be squeezed through the nozzle. The tool cleans up by running water through it.
"It's a super easy item to clean up," Aronie says. "It has to be simple to be used with mortar."
Kraft Tool has a full line of hawks and tuckpointing trowels, or caulking trowels, for putting fresh mortar in the joints.
For finishing the mortar joints, the company offers slickers and jointers.
"There are several ways to finish a joint, depending on the building's architectural style," Cook says. "We have slickers for flat, concave, convex and grapevine joints."
About the Author
Brett Martin is a freelance writer located in Shakopee, Minn. with several years of construction and writing experience.